English version

sábado, 22 de mayo de 2010

RELATIVE CLAUSES (3) & CAUSATIVE "HAVE"

Apuntes del Jueves 13 de Mayo de 2010:

RELATIVE CLAUSES (3):

- WHOSE /hu:s/ Expresa posesión. Significa cuy@, cuy@s.
- WHOM: Funciona de pronombre relativo objeto no sujeto (personas)
- WHICH: Algo que no sea una persona, ejemplo:
That is the toy with which the boy was playing.

Here is the girl.I was talking to her yesterday.
Informal: Here is the girl who/that I was talking to yesterday.
Formal: Here is the girl to whom I was talking yesterday.


CAUSATIVE "HAVE":

HAVE IN THE APPROPIATE TENSE + OBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE OF THE MAIN VERB.

Form:
Have + object + past participle -- to have something done
Have + object + bare infinitive -- to have someone do something

Functions and examples:
1. We use causative have when arranging for someone to do something for us.
They repaired their car. -- they did it themselves
They had their car repaired. -- they arranged for someone to repair it
I cut my hair yesterday. -- I cut it myself
I had my hair cut yesterday. -- I went to the hairdresser


2. We also use causative have when someone does something to us.
Bill had his money stolen by a thief.


Important points
1. Get is possible instead of have, usually in informal spoken English.
I'm going to get my car fixed tomorrow.

2. We can also use to have someone do something to talk about giving instructions or orders -- more common in American English.
I had my assistant type the report.
I'll have my lawyer look into it.


I HAVE CUT MY HAIR: Se dice cuando te has cortado tú mismo el pelo.
I HAVE HAD MY HAIR CUT: Si vas a ir a una peluqueria.
I WILL HAVE THE CAR REPAIRED NEXT WEEK.
I WOULD HAVE MY FLAT PAINTED IF I HAVE ENOUGH MONEY.

2 comentarios:

  1. Muy buena ayuda, y muy clara. Thanks a lot

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  2. Tengo algunas dudas pero buen aporte

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